Saturday, March 28, 2009



Sense of Commitment - Devoted , dedicated and responsive in what ever action

Sense of Belonging - Ownership – security usage and maintenance

Sense of Guilt - Aware and realize the effect of failure for not fulfilling expectations or observing correct form guideline or procedures

Sense of Sin - Realized , acknowledge and regret of whatever wrong doings.

Sense of Shame - Having strong believe in protecting and preserving self – esteem and self – pride from moral decadence as a result of wrong doings ( written and unwritten rules and practices )


Pioneer Nurses of West Virginia
Pioneer Nurses of West Virginia, the first online to honor the Pioneer Nurses of West Virginia, is in conjunction with my other West Virginia sites that memorialize our ancestors, as well as the history of West Virginia.
For the purposes of this website, the Pioneer Nurses are those who were nurses in West Virginia from the 1860s through 1935. The year 1935 was chosen when I bought a vintage booklet that contains a list of all registered nurses in West Virginia from the time licensing was required (1907), through 1935.
Also included here are the nurses from West Virginia who served in wars, from the Civil War through the Korean War.
But this site will NOT be limited to only those nurses (pre-1935) who were "registered." There were MANY early nurses who practiced as nurses but were never licensed. Some graduated from organized schools of nursing and others studied under a physician. Legally, if they didn't get a license when it became a requirement, they weren't registered nurses - - but they were, indeed, nurses. They will be included in a separate section.
Visitors to this site are invited to submit photos and biographies of the nurses.

Submitted by

Linda Cunningham Fluharty RN.


pict5aThe Zwerdling Nursing Archives
The Zwerding Nursing Archives specializes in rare art and photographic postcards, selected for historic significance, artistic composition, and condition, dating from 1893 to 2004, related to the nursing profession worldwide. The primary functions of the ZNA are to preserve these images and to make them accessible to the nursing profession and to those associated with it.

The History of Nursing Education


Nursing Schools in Nova Scotia

pic2b At first enrolments in nursing schools were very small, but by the beginning of the twentieth century it became apparent that the hospital trained nurse would dominate the field and the number of nursing schools and nursing students quickly increased. The greatest expansion of nursing schools in Canada occurred in the first three decades of the twentieth century. In 1901 there were 65 nursing schools across the country and a total of 280 nurses and student nurses, by 1930 there were 218 nursing schools and over 9000 student nurses in training.

Hospital administrators immediately began to recognize the improvements the trained nurses were making to patient care, and began to replaced their untrained nursing staff with student nurses, who spent two or three years working in the hospital wards in exchange for training and certification. This system of staffing hospitals and training nurses not only enabled the hospital to improve their patient care, but it also enabled them to keep up with demands for increases in patient services. As more nurses were needed, the number of students admitted to the nursing school increased. This system continued as the dominant system for staffing hospitals in Canada until the 1940s and was the basis of training nurses until the 1970s.



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